|2018.11.02||150th year of the Meiji Era: Dairy farming connects Hokkaido and Uganda|
JICA Partnership Project
Safe Milk Promotion in Mbarara Project
In Uganda, agriculture contributes 45% of GDP, and provides employment to 80% of the population. Dairy farming is both culturally and economically an important agricultural sector for the country, and the largest production area is in the southeastern part, centered in Mbarara.
Map of Uganda showing the locations of Mbarara and Kampala, the capital city.
Although the share of milk production in the area is the largest in the country due to improved genetic resources of cattle, favorable climate, and the history of development efforts, current production is far lower than the potential ability. The reason for the low production is that there is insufficiency of inputs such as suitable feed plan and biosecurity measures, due to lack of technical extension service and thus knowledge among farmers.
Rakuno Gakuen University, the previous JICA project operated in Uganda between 2010 and 2014, and dairy farmers in Mbarara identified three main key animal health problems: (1) dairy hygiene, (2) ketosis and repeat breeding, and (3) tick borne diseases in February 2015, although brucellosis was another great concern.
The Safe Milk Promotion in Mbarara Project started in 2016 October for three years to tackle with these three problems by every three months regular visits to 30 selected dairy farmers in Mbarara District (Photo 1). The participating farmers started record keeping on dairy production, reproduction, tick control and treatment using the recording format provided by the project. Diagnostic services are provided using the established laboratory in Mbarara District Veterinary Office, which is the counterpart institution for the project. Uganda Crane Creameries Cooperatives Union (UCCCU) mobilizes not only participating farmers but also cooperatives and the member farmers for the active participation for the project (UCCCU has 18,000 member farmers in Uganda). Dairy Development Authority (DDA) collaborates in the improvement and assurance of ordinal milk quality tests. Rakuno Gakuen University sends experts to Uganda, and provides technical training in the country, as well as in Japan. Makerere University provides diagnostic service on East Coast Fever and tick acaricide resistance. Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine is also involved in the technical assistance for the tick borne disease research.
The change in awareness of the problems and importance of record keeping is already observed among participating farmers. UCCCU will play an important role in diffusing this evidence-based dairy development regimen from 30 participating farmers to more farmers in the district, and beyond to entire country. Extension officers of UCCCU and district veterinary officers will be trained by this project for sustainable dairy development in Uganda.